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What are On-grid Solar Panel Systems in India?

On-grid solar panel system

An on-grid solar panel for home systems is also called a grid-connected system. It has many vital components that simultaneously convert sunlight into electricity and integrate it within the existing grid. The main components of an on-grid solar panel system in India include the following:

Solar Panels: Solar panels are usually installed on rooftops or open areas to harvest sunlight and convert it into direct current (DC) electricity through semiconductor substances like silicon.

Monitoring System: Usually, an on-grid solar panel for home systems requires a monitoring system to track total solar energy production, system efficiency, and energy consumption. Such an on-grid solar panel for home allows consumers to monitor their energy usage and enhance the efficiency of their solar system.

Meter: The role of a meter is to measure the flow of electricity between an on grid solar panel system and the electricity grid. It not only records the electricity consumption from the grid but also keeps track of the additional electricity exported to the grid. Such a facility allows users to receive credits for the extra electricity their home solar system produces.

Solar Inverter: In such a system, the energy produced is the type of DC electricity. Now this goes into the solar inverter, which further converts it into alternating current electricity. We all know that in homes or commercial organizations, we use AC or alternating electricity. 

Metallic Structure: For placing solar panels, you need a metallic structure either on the rooftop or ground. These are placed in a way to receive  maximum sunlight.

Electrical Components and  Fittings: Most importantly, you also need essential components and electrical fittings and wirings of very high quality such as protectors and circuit breakers to connect the solar panels, inverter, and other important items to the electrical grid and keep it secure and functioning.

Grid Connection: An on-grid solar panel system is linked to the electricity grid by using a grid-tie inverter. So, when you have surplus electricity, it allows the solar panel for home systems to transfer it into the electricity grid and to withdraw electricity from the grid when the energy production is less than needed.

How much does an on-grid solar panel system cost? 

An on-grid solar panel system can cost between 8,000 and 15,000 dollars depending on a number of factors such as system’s size, quality of the essential components, location of installation and if any extra feature of services were included. We are providing an idea about price ranges for on-grid solar panel systems:

For Residential Use: The typical roof solar systems and on-grid home systems of 3-10 kw are also available in the market. The cost of such a plant is dependent upon services included, which varies from Rs 300,000 to 800,000 without considering the governmental subsidies or incentives. Expenses consist of a price of solar panel for home, components, inverter, electric components, and the mounting cost summed up together.

Commercial Systems: On-grid commercial solar systems give multiple megawatts of electricity that are produced from solar power plants of a large scale. These plants are very expensive, they require deep investments which can typically exceed eight-figure amounts for installation.

Final Word

An on-grid solar panel is undoubtedly one of the best technologies to be adopted in solar power production together with linking the produced electricity to existing electricity infrastructure. It is the most important invention for renewable energy because it goes beyond the characteristics of the renewable energy system.

The implementation of such a system differs from the current system on several issues, among which are the cost, the friendly environment and grid stability. The solar power generation with the no extra cost of source approval i.e. solar energy, converting it into electricity is fulfilled by the on-grid solar system which makes people, businesses, and housing societies more friendly to the environment and lowers down their energy bills significantly and ultimately a greener future is set. 

Because of the technology evolution, there shall be continuous improvement of costs and efficiency in solar paneling and the on grid system would remain crucial in the global energy transition. Indeed, it will continue to serve as a leader of the renewable power industry that provides a dependable and sustainable power source for future generation.

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